Oceana is the largest international advocacy organization focused solely on ocean conservation. Since 2001, it has fought for every type of life in the ocean and the habitats in which they live as the vast waters play a central role in the world's natural systems, like regulating our climate and absorbing carbon dioxide (giving off half of the oxygen we breathe).
We need to stop polluting our oceans of Mercury, antibiotics, oil, and climate-changing gasses that threaten marine wildlife, habitat, and human health. Oil spills are way more common than we realize--the BP oil spill being the most recent (at its worst the oil spill was the size of Kansas) wasn't even the biggest. In 1991 several tankers, port facilities, and storage tanks were hit during waring operations, accidentally spilling the largest oil spill on record--240 million gallons of oil into the Persian Gulf. But here's the thing, only 8% of the approximately estimated 706 million gallons of waste oil that enters the ocean every year comes from offshore drilling and production or spills and leaks from ships or tankers. The majority comes from land drainage and waste disposal from places such as factories and industrial facilities.
- Shallow water animals that breathe air, like turtles, manatees, dugongs, and whales are often hit by boats and caught in fishing gear.
- Species such as turtles that lay their eggs on land often lose their nurseries due to coastal development.
- Shipping activity and oil and gas development cause noise that can disrupt or even damage whales’ hearing. Such disturbance can exclude whales from critical feeding and breeding grounds, and disrupt their migratory paths.
- Slaughtered for their eggs, meat, skin and shells, sea turtles suffer from poaching and over-exploitation.
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